Archive for the ‘Multi-cultural’ Category


Multiethnic Church Stories

Monday, April 26, 2010

Unity in Christ Magazine released it’s second issue today.Here are a few of the articles. to view all articles click here.

The Noon Service Start Up. What if you could reach your multi-ethnic community without changing your established worship traditions, how would you do it? Pastor Larry Dove, shares the strategy of Emmanuel Reformed Church to add a third service at the noon hour specifically designed for its ethnically diverse neighbors.

From Life Support to Support Life.  Life threatening cancers require radical surgery to rid patient of the disease and restore his health. Dr. Rodney Woo, Pastor of Wilcrest Baptist Church, shares how he avoided putting the church on spiritual life support by taking some dramatic life saving measures.

Making Two Into one: Creating Multiracial Churches from Single Race Congregations. Aging congregations are likely to die unless they bring in younger generations.  But what if that younger generation is of a different ethnicity? Derek Chin identifies four key lessons learned in the process of bringing single race churches together to form a new, multiracial community.

The Best of Both Worlds.  What do you get when you blend the most important ingredients from the suburban white church and the urban black Church?  According to Pastor Dan Backens of New Life Providence Church of Virgin Beach, Virginia “you get the best of both worlds”.


Reaching the Nations Among Us: Part 3 The Seven Fatal Errors of Ethnic Ministry: Error #2: Ethnocentrism

Thursday, March 12, 2009

Ethnocentrism is defined by the Random House Dictionary as, “The belief in the inherent superiority of one’s own group and culture, accompanied by a feeling of contempt for other groups and cultures.”

Unlike racism which blatantly spews hatred toward other groups, ethnocentrism is much more subtle and its practices are more acceptable in the church. Whether red, brown, yellow, black, or white, ethno-centric churches resist transitioning to a multi-ethnic multi-cultural church for three basic reasons.

The Heritage of the Church.  The national origin of main line denominations in America originated in Europe and served a particular national group (see, Is Multi-ethnic Ministry Biblically Prescriptive or Descriptive) Immigrants brought these denominations to America and they worshipped God in their language and cultural context. Over time with the decline of foreign-born members in their congregations and the increase of American-born these non-English speak Churches were forced to conducted their services in English. Immigrant Churches from Latin American and Pacific Rim nations are encountering the same issue today.

The Culture of the Church. We all have a church culture that is reflected in what we believe to be acceptable grooming, attire, genre of worship music, expression of worship, pastors delivery style, the theological credentials of our staff, and even the language in which we want our services conducted. The increase in age diversity through birth and marriage increases the generational tension over the culture of the church (see Understanding the Differences Between 1st & 2nd Generation Immigrants).  Churches that are unwilling to change will fall into decline as older members die and younger members move on to churches that offer a church culture that is more in line with their preferences without compromising their theological beliefs.

The Prejudices of the Church. Every ethnic group has some prejudices. Let’s be honest we all have at least one reason for feeling some sense of superiority to others at best or verbally expressing our disapproval at worst.  If we listen carefully we will hear derogatory terms used by church members of other ethnicities, socio—economic or educational levels.  If we watch closely we can see the facial expressions and body language that reflects this disapproval.  It is this ethnocentric socialization, when left unchallenged that perpetuates segregation and these unloving attitudes.

Is it any wonder that homogenous ethnocentric churches are not interested in multi-ethnic multi-cultural ministry?  The Homogeneous Unit Principle is used by these churches as an excuse whether they realize it or not to preserve their isolation from those who are not like them.  The HUP was never intended to preserve Christian biases but to evangelize unbelievers.

Becoming a multi-ethnic multi-cultural church is a process. Everyone regardless of ethnicity or socio-economic status must work to overcome his or her personal biases and church culture preferences.  Like Paul we must become all things to all men to save some. Here are some things you can do to help you break down some prejudices you might have against other ethnic groups.  If you know of other resources please send those in.


Amazing Grace

Flower Drum Song


Strangers Among Us by Roberto Suro

Pursuing the Pearl by Ken Fong

Letters Across the Divide by David Anderson and Brent Zuercher


This is your greatest resource of all. Spend time with your ethnic friends and ask them questions about their culture, church liturgy, family, church leadership, and attitudes toward Americans.  Ask them about anything you want to know. If you don’t have any its time to make some.


Ethnocentrism is perpetuated by ignorance, believing what we have been told about others and observing them through our cultural grid. To overcome ethnocentrism we must seek to understand other cultures while befriending them.

That’s my opinion. I welcome yours.



Trust God to Bring Your Success

Friday, February 6, 2009

Pastor Jay confesses he never heard of Rialto, CA before accepting the call to pastor Rialto Community Baptist Church, nor did he have a vision for multi-ethnic ministry. When the vision came everyone told him it wouldn’t work.

Vodpod videos no longer available.

more about “Trust God to Bring Your Success“, posted with vodpod

The Ideal Model for An Ethnically Diverse Church

Saturday, October 4, 2008

Michael Wilson from Australia asked, “Is there one right or ideal church model? If so, what is the biblical and theological basis for this?  


         I have yet to meet a pastor of a multi-ethnic or a homogeneous church for that matter, who doesn’t feel that his approach to ministry is the right-if not best-approach. We can gather them all in one room and discover that they are for the most part basing their ministry on the same biblical principles and mandates.  What differs is the methodology, the manner in which they carry out the ministry of the church.  This personal guideline for ministry is called a Philosophy of Ministry. For instance, there are some pastors of English speaking congregations in the United States who see the need for providing homogeneous immigrant services in the language and cultural context of the ethnic group they desire to reach, while others refuse to provide such services insisting that immigrants must learn English and attend the English speaking services.

         The Bible clearly instructs the church what it is that she must do, but falls short of explicitly telling us how to do it.  The how is mostly based upon one’s philosophy of ministry.  For a guide on how to develop a biblical philosophy of ministry click here.  

         The ideal model, from my perspective, is a church that will, in the case of the United States, reach out to the English and non-English speaking members of her ethnically diverse community. I don’t see where the Great Commission restricts the proclamation of the Gospel only to those who speak our heart language. On the contrary in Acts 1:8 the church is to proclaim the Gospel across cultures.  Doesn’t this mandate hold true if those cultures come to our neighborhoods? That is why I believe that the local church in an ethnically diverse community is to minister to the native and foreign born 1.0, 1.5, and naturalized generations of ethnics in her community.  With that in mind lets consider a few models. Please keep in mind that this is by no means an inclusive list. But for the sake of our discussion I will address four.

         The Renter/Rentee Model.  This church rents its facilities to an ethnic congregation. The Pros, it provides the host church with additional income, an opportunity to indirectly reach an ethnic community it is unable (or unwilling) to reach and it gives the immigrant church a facility in which to meet. The Cons are that the churches continue to be segregated and there is little opportunity for the 1.5 and 2.0 extended family members of the immigrant church to be reached by the renter church.

         The Mission Church Model. This church sponsors an ethnic mission church plant of its denomination. Providing its resources, usually facilities and utilities, until the mission church is self-sufficient.  The Pros, it provides the host church with a mission outreach opportunity and it provides the ethnic church plant with resources that lowers their initial expenses while working toward self-sufficiency. The Cons are that the churches are still segregated and there is little initiative for the sponsor church to reached the 1.5 and 2.0 extended family members of the immigrant church.

         The Multi-ethnic Church Model.  This is a church that intentionally transitions from the original homogeneous congregation to a multi-ethnic one that reflects the diversity of its community. The Pros, integration is in process among all ethnic groups that have proficiency in the dominant language group. Members are learning to worship together, serve together, and love one another. The Con is that the immigrant community is still unreached.

         The Hehogeneous Church Model.  Don’t bother to Google “hehogeneous” I coined the term. This church is heterogeneous (multi-ethnic) in the dominant language service and homogeneous (multi-cultural) in the various immigrant services conducted in their respective language and cultural context. The Pros, integration is in process among all ethnic groups that have proficiency in the dominant language group. Members are learning to worship together, serve together, love one another, and all levels of assimilation among ethnic groups are reachable. The Cons? I don’t see any but then again I am biased.

         The local church should strive to reach not only the diversity of ethnic groups within her community but all levels of assimilation among them as well.

That’s my opinion I welcome yours.


For further reading on models for multi-ethnic churches and immigrant outreach see:

Eldin Villafañe, “Seek the Peace of the City: Reflections on Urban Ministry,” Eerdmanns, 1995

Manuel Ortiz, The Hispanic Challenge: Opportunities Confronting the Church,” Inter Varsity Press, 1993 and “One New People: Models for Developing A Multi-ethnic Church”, Inter Varsity Press, 1996


Diversity Is Not Just About Intentionality

Monday, September 1, 2008

I had just finished speaking at a church that was looking into the possibility of starting a Spanish-speaking ministry.  Excitement filled the air as church members visited among themselves and with a few members of the Spanish-speaking community that would be the core group of this new ministry.  As I finished speaking to one individual I noticed a gentleman waiting patiently for me.

“Art, may I speak with you in private?”

“Certainly,” I said as we stepped off to one side of the auditorium away from others.

“How can I help you?”

“Art, I want you to know that I resent your coming. Personally, I don’t want these people here.  I think they should go to the church down the street where they belong.”

“Tell me John, what is your concern?”

“I’ll tell you what my concern is, I don’t want to see my church changed.  I have been coming here for years.  I like my church just the way it is and I don’t want to make any changes just to make them feel comfortable.”

The pastor of this congregation had taken a number of intentional steps in preparing his church for diversity.  My speaking to his congregation was one of those steps. Unfortunately as our title states, diversity is not just about intentionality. It really isn’t!

Diversity refers to a broadness of range. In reference to a local congregation it encompasses age, gender, socio-economic status, educational achievement, employment, ethnic and cultural breadth.

Intentionality provides the building blocks that move a church toward diversity. Some of these building blocks are organizational structure, methodologies, models, developing an ethnically diverse staff and leadership, and including diverse musical genres in our worship services to name just a few. As critical as these building blocks are for us to move toward diversity, there is yet a more foundational factor upon which intentionality itself must be built.

That foundation is “mindset” the attitudes that reflect our preferences, biases, and prejudices.  In Philippians 2:1-8 Paul writes about the fundamental attitude all God’s children should possess and that is to be “other-centered,” to place the needs of others above our own.  He uses the attitude of Christ as the model for us to strive toward. Regrettably, John, a former pastor, was more concerned about satisfying his own needs than seeing to the needs of others.

The primary purpose of the church is not to be diverse, but to honor God, obey his Word, and make disciples.  As we focus on fulfilling the mandates of Christ, in an ethnically diverse community, our churches will naturally become diverse. It is the task of the pastor to lay a solid foundation of the mindset of Christ. Once that foundation has been laid intentional diversity can begin.

That’s my opinion.  I welcome yours.